Reports Highlight NCLB Failures and Private School SuccessesPosted on October 17, 2006 | Type: Policy Report
Studies show NCLB duplicative, private schools have higher teacher-student ratio
No Child Left Behind and Arizona: Making State and Federal K-12 Accountability Systems WorkPosted on October 17, 2006 | Type: Policy Report | Author: Krista Kafer
Under the 10th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, states, local governments, private institutions, and the people--not the federal government--bear the responsibility of funding and administering education. Congress, however, circumvents the 10th Amendment through the Spending Clause in Article 1 to justify funding a vast array of federal programs, including the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB). NCLB created a federal education accountability system that often conflicts with Arizona's existing education accountability system, AZ Learns. As a result, principled federalists, frustrated by the overly prescriptive federal education law, have called for Arizona to opt out of NCLB.
2006 Legislative Report Card for Arizona's Forty-seventh Legislature, Second Regular SessionPosted on September 07, 2006 | Type: Policy Report | Author: Andrea Woodmansee
The Arizona Constitution declares that "governments . . . are established to protect and maintain individual rights." As the lawmaking branch of government, the legislature has the potential to be the greatest guardian or the greatest offender of those constitutionally enshrined rights.
Playing the Takings Game: How Government Regulates Away Property RightsPosted on June 13, 2006 | Type: Policy Report | Author: Timothy Sandefur
The U.S. and Arizona constitutions require government to compensate property owners whenever it seizes their land. However, government often passes laws and regulations that depress property values or completely prevent the use of private property, essentially taking the property without explicitly taking title to it. In these instances, loopholes in judicial interpretation of the constitution often allow government to escape having to compensate property owners. These "regulatory takings" became so severe in Oregon that, in 2004, voters overwhelmingly approved a law called Measure 37, which required the government to pay people whenever it conscripted their land for public purposes, even if it did not seize the title outright. This law followed an earlier attempt, called Measure 7, which, despite overwhelming popular approval, was deemed unconstitutional in 2002 by the Oregon Supreme Court. But in February 2006, the court upheld Measure 37, leading many defenders of private property rights to hope that similar reform might be possible to protect home and business owners in other states.
Opening the Books: 2006 Annual Report on Arizona Public School FinancePosted on April 17, 2006 | Type: Policy Report | Author: Vicki Alger
In January 2005, the Goldwater Institute and the Milton and Rose D. Friedman Foundation jointly produced A Guide to Understanding State Funding of Arizona Public School Students to bring simplicity, transparency, and accuracy to Arizona public school finance by detailing the underlying funding formulas and mechanisms. Like the 2005 study, this analysis examines updated financial data from the Arizona Department of Educations multiple accounting systems: the Uniform System of Financial Reporting (USFR), the Student Accountability Information System (SAIS), and the Superintendents Annual Financial Report (SAFR). This policy brief also describes the changes that have occurred in Arizona funding between the 2002-03 and 2003-04 fiscal years.