Putting Arizona Education Reform to the Test: School Choice and Early Education ExpansionPosted on February 06, 2007 | Type: Policy Report
Two major reform strategies dominate the education reform debate in Arizona: first, the expansion of public school early childhood education, and second, the expansion of parental choice in education. Preschool enthusiasts say that preschool results in higher student achievement. In her second State of the State address, Arizona governor Janet Napolitano asserted:
Your Tax Dollars at Work: The Implications of Taxpayer-funded LobbyingPosted on January 23, 2007 | Type: Policy Report | Author: Benjamin Barr
The State of Arizona is lobbying itself. Whether it is for all-day kindergarten, expansive redevelopment powers, or a host of other issues, government entities are exploring and acting on their lobbying options. The consequence: Government interests become pitted against taxpayers’ interests. From 2000 to 2005, three counties—Maricopa, Pima, and Mohave—spent more than $3 million to lobby. During the same period, the Department of Transportation, State Parks, and the Governor’s Office spent more than $1.8 million to lobby. Likewise, the cities of Tucson, Mesa, and Phoenix exhausted more than $2 million of taxpayer funds for lobbying purposes.
How to Win the War on Poverty: An Analysis of State Poverty TrendsPosted on November 14, 2006 | Type: Policy Report | Author: Matthew Ladner
In modern politics, many believe that the government plays the role of Robin Hood. Through progressive taxation and spending, proponents believe that government reduces poverty while making everyone pay their fair share. The pages that follow will empirically evaluate the effectiveness of state government as Robin Hood.
Defining the Fundamental Principles of the Arizona Constitution: A Blueprint for Constitutional JurisprudencePosted on November 01, 2006 | Type: Policy Report | Author: Benjamin Barr
Judicial interpretations of the Arizona Constitution have often been inconsistent and conflicting. Instead of developing a sound and authentically independent reading of the Arizona Constitution, the Arizona judiciary frequently relies on federal constitutional analyses to resolve matters of state constitutional interpretation. As a result, differences in the state constitution are often read out of the constitutional text to achieve uniformity with federal constitutional trends.
No Child Left Behind and Arizona: Making State and Federal K-12 Accountability Systems WorkPosted on October 17, 2006 | Type: Policy Report | Author: Krista Kafer
Under the 10th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, states, local governments, private institutions, and the people--not the federal government--bear the responsibility of funding and administering education. Congress, however, circumvents the 10th Amendment through the Spending Clause in Article 1 to justify funding a vast array of federal programs, including the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB). NCLB created a federal education accountability system that often conflicts with Arizona's existing education accountability system, AZ Learns. As a result, principled federalists, frustrated by the overly prescriptive federal education law, have called for Arizona to opt out of NCLB.