Related Reforms Posted on January 10, 2017

Petition to Amend Arizona Supreme Court Rule 32


Last Step

Rule change petition filed.

Next Step

Arizona Supreme Court will consider the petition.

The Goldwater Institute opposes conditioning the practice of law on bar membership in Arizona because coerced membership violates the rights to free speech and free association guaranteed by the United States and Arizona Constitutions.  Because of this, we are sponsoring a rule change petition to allow attorneys to practice law without being forced to fund the lobbying and other non-regulatory functions of the State Bar of Arizona.

The Nebraska Supreme Court has developed a bifurcated approach to Bar membership, which requires attorneys to join the Nebraska State Bar Association, but does not require attorneys to fund the Bar’s non-regulatory functions. This means Nebraska attorneys still pay the cost of policing their profession, but do not have to subsidize the speech of the Bar Association. While the Nebraska Model falls short of the fully voluntary model used in 18 other states, it is a significant positive step toward associational freedom. The Goldwater Institute is urging the Arizona Supreme Court to take that step here and now. 

Case Documents




Jim Manley is a senior attorney at the Goldwater Institute’s Scharf-Norton Center for Constitutional Litigation. Jim litigates Goldwater Institute cases nationwide, in the areas of free speech, economic liberty, and ... Read

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